ATHLETE PERFORMANCE TREATMENT LAB
The next generation athlete will be built using a combination of the best training and coaching available along with the latest in sports science recovery, measurement, testing and muscle recruitment. Cleveland is home to over 30 elite sports training academies that focus their efforts on training superior athletes. Club Recharge helps these academies by filling in the holes in today's top athlete regiments of recovery and body dynamics as well as performance testing and muscle recruitment. At Club Recharge we have over 95+ sports performance and recovery therapies combined with all of the measurement and testing equipment to identify the elite athletes weak links. Club Recharge was developed to help these elite athletes not only train harder, but identify weak points in their body and train using the science to improve their performance.
"Walk a mile to avoid a fight if you have to,
but don't back down when one starts"
THE NEED FOR SPEED
GAIN MORE SPEED & ENDURANCE
Just about every athlete wants more speed and more endurance. Unfortunately most elite athletes believe that the only way to achieve these results are through constant exhaustive training and abusive workout's using the "No pain, No Gain" attitude, but they are wrong.
The body is a marvel of science that consists of many working parts that work in conjunction with each other to achieve lightening fast speeds or lengthy endurance performances. The main components required for elite athletic running performances are slow twitch muscle fibers, fast twitch muscle fibers, VO2 Max lung performance, oxygen absorption & oxygen transportation, blood flow & circulation and your God given talents. By God given I really mean, mom and dads genetic traits. "Some people are predisposed to have more fast-twitch muscle fibers, and others have more slow-twitch muscle fibers." Fast-twitch fibers power explosive, high-intensity movements like sprinting, they're physically larger to begin with, and they also have a greater potential for growth compared to slow-twitch fibers.
THE MUSCLE FIBERS
Breaking down the elements of an athletic performance and how you fuel your muscles are equally as important as abusive training. Fast-twitch muscle fibers are mainly used when the body needs to make sudden, more powerful movements and require a lot of energy, conversely, slow-twitch muscles use energy slowly and fairly evenly to make it last a long time. During training fast-twitch muscles use up a lot of energy very quickly, then get tired (fatigued) and need a break.
Slow-twitch muscle fibers (also known as “Type I”) generate less power and strength than fast-twitch fibers, but they have can sustain activity for longer periods of time. Fast-twitch muscle fibers (also known as “Type II”) generate far more power and strength, but they fatigue much faster and require more time for recovery.
SCIENCE BEHIND RUNNING SPEED & Running Performance
For example the leg muscles are predominantly fast twitch, meaning there is little point in training them with high repetitions. You need to train with a heavy resistance otherwise you will not create sufficient tension to evoke a hypertrophy or strength response. Slow-twitch muscles contract more slowly (hence the name) and can work for long periods of time without running out of energy. Fast-twitch muscles are stronger, but they tire out faster. Fast-twitch muscles contract using an anaerobic process, meaning that they don't use oxygen.
In elite athletes the Vastus Lateralis muscle (the biggest section of your quads) is about 69% fast-twitch fibers and about 31% slow-twitch fibers. Training these muscles involved heavy weight and resistance to grow the muscle.
In elite athletes the hamstring muscle is about 70% fast-twitch fibers and about 30% slow-twitch fibers. Training these muscles involved heavy weight and resistance to grow the muscle. When under trained in non competitive athletes the fiber type composition varies greatly in research and in some research they are even slow twitch dominant in non athletic individuals.
Your calves are composed primarily of slow-twitch muscle fibers, which are generally more fitting for long, endurance activity. They thrive in duration but fall short on power. That makes sense, especially since you walk and stand often throughout the day. Because the calf muscles are mostly slow twitch muscle fibers, meaning that (again), they're less likely to be damaged and/or sore than other muscle groups. The ankle joint doesn't go through a large range of motion, so it can be difficult to get a big stretch in the calves.
Each muscle in the glutes (glute max, med, min) are comprised of different proportions of muscle fiber types, fast twitch and slow twitch. The glute max has roughly a 50% / 50% split between fast and slow twitch fibers whereas glute med has a 42% / 58% split in favor of slow twitch fibers.
The rectus abdominis (abs) is composed of roughly 50% / 50% amounts of both slow and fast twitch fibers, built for both strength and power.
THE ANAEROBIC EFFECT
Anaerobic glycolysis is the transformation of glucose to lactate when limited amounts of oxygen (O2) are available. Anaerobic glycolysis is only an effective means of energy production during short, intense exercise, providing energy for a period ranging from 10 seconds to 2 minutes. This is much faster than aerobic metabolism. The anaerobic glycolysis (lactic acid) system is dominant from about 10–30 seconds during a maximal effort. It replenishes very quickly over this period and produces 2 ATP molecules per glucose molecule, or about 5% of glucose's energy potential (38 ATP molecules). The speed at which ATP is produced is about 100 times that of oxidative phosphorylation.
THE LUCK OF THE DRAW
The ease with which you develop muscle mass, for example, is a highly inherited trait. A study that appeared in the International Journal of Obesity found that while you need physical activity in order to build muscle, people who have "muscular" genes require far less exercise than others to look fit. "Some people are born with long muscles and short tendons,"
Studies have found that most elite power athletes have a specific genetic variant in a gene related to muscle composition called the ACTN3 gene. This variant causes muscle cells to produce alpha-actinin-3, a protein found in fast-twitch muscle fibers.
SPORTS PERFORMANCE RECOVERY
SPORTS RECOVERY THERAPY
Every Athlete Knows The Importance of Recovery
Nobody will deny that sports recovery is important to an elite athlete, but yet fewer than 10% of athletes actually recover after training or a performance. This statistic can be directly connected to the large number of young athletes injured every year.
As an elite athlete you push your body to its near breaking point during each training session and the science is clear, without proper recovery your body continues to weaken until it breaks. Two things will help your body heal (1) Rest, which almost no elite athletes ever do (2) Recovery, which if done properly will help speed up your bodies natural healing processes and allow you to continue to train harder.
Club Recharge was developed to help elite athletes recover their bodies. We gathered 70+ scientifically backed therapies that help speed up the bodies natural process of healing and put them in one location. Below if a partial list of the recovery therapy available at Club Recharge.
4 separate types of Red Light Therapy
5 separate types of Ice or Ice Compression Therapy
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy
Full Body Vibration Therapy
7 separate types of Electrical Muscle Stimulation
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
6 separate types of Compression or Percussion Massage
4 separate types of Infrared Heat or Infrared Sauna Therapy
Local Cryotherapy - Non-Nitrogen Based
Everything has scientific evidence as to the effectiveness of treatment.
YOUR BODY Science
THE BODY SCIENCE
Does your athlete know how they are built or how they are running ?
The key to helping an athlete improve is show them the scientific weakness inside their body and train these weaknesses out of the body.
A simple thing like high blood pressure can effect athletic performance. The typical athlete is unaware the high blood pressure can lead to a decrease in VO2 MAX thus increasing symptoms of fatigue earlier than the bodies natural or trained levels of fatigue. That is why Club Recharge has a body science lab to help athletes identify the true science of what they are made up of.
Club Recharge has developed an 8 part testing sequence that identifies all of the key components of the bodies athletic performance. We can determine precisely the main ingredients of a high performance athlete and identify contributing factors of performance lags. Below is a brief description of body science testing.
Body Composition Analysis - Using a body composition analysis we can identify muscle dominance, percentage of fat, water, and skeletal makeup. The body composition takes a look inside of your athletes body to find out where their strengths and weaknesses are and how previous injuries effected the body.
Oxygen Saturation - O2 absorption levels let us know how their bodies blood and tissue are absorbing oxygen. Low oxygen absorption will fatigue an athlete more quickly.
3-D Body Scan - This scan takes precise measurements of each of the body parts to help identify imbalances in the athletes body.
6 Lead EKG - This scan will determine the athletes heart rhythm and check for irregularities.
Metabolic Test - This test can determine within 5 calories the precise metabolic rate the athletes body is running. Since metabolism and energy levels are so closely connected knowing your RMR can identify why athletes energy levels are low.
Blood Pressure Test - Blood pressure in athletes can be decrease VO2 Max levels which will not allow elite athletes train to their full potential.
Pulse - A young, healthy athlete may have a heart rate of 30 to 40 bpm. That's because exercise strengthens the heart muscle. It allows it to pump a greater amount of blood with each heartbeat. More oxygen is also going to the muscles.
Temperature - The more energy an athlete puts into keeping his or her body temperature at a safe level, the less is available for muscle movement, so endurance fails, as well. By finding ways to acclimatize during an activity, you keep your body temperature at an optimal level to enhance performance.
These combination of tests help trainer better understand what may be holding an athlete back from them recognizing their full potential.
YOUR BODY DYNAMICS
THE BODY DYNAMICS
Every-time your body is injured your brain makes small adjustments to compensate and avoid re-injury.
Simply stated your brain does not like pain and will do whatever is necessary to avoid it in the future. Each time an athletes body is injured there is an imprint made on the bodies neurological system that seems to stay in the body. Just as when a solider loses a limb in combat and complains of pain for a limb that was lost, so does an athlete after an injury. The brain remembers the trauma and stores it just as it would a bad childhood memory. Athletes have an ability to suppress the painful injury memory, but it doesn't go away.
What happens to all people including athletes is that the brain will make minor adjustments to avoid re-injury that may be detrimental to future sports performances. Science has begun to understand that recovery after an injury has to be complete. The injury to the knee may heal, but if the brain does not re-gain trust in the knee's ability to perform it will give the responsibility to other muscle groups or non-dominate legs.
We see this at Club Recharge at all levels of sports. We have had the opportunity to analyze elite high school athletes along with Olympic and pro athletes and the trend continues through them all.
This becomes a serious sports related issue when an athlete has a minor ankle injury and continues to train through the pain without knowing that his body has made slight changes to his posture tipping them 6 degrees away from the injury. They will unknowingly train into the body a new muscle memory that will programed to be used based on a certain stimulus. This can lead to two competing muscle memories being triggered at the wrong time.
Body Part Composition Analysis - Using a body part composition analysis we can identify each muscles percentage and compare it to its mirror on the other side of the body. A right dominate athlete should be dominate on both upper and lower body. We scan each muscle separately to identify how the body has adjusted to prior injuries.
Balance/Posture Analysis - This analysis determines how your weight is balanced over your core and if the body is compensating. A right dominate athlete should have a slight dominance to their right heal. The posture analysis will determine the athletes precise alignment and uncover tilts of the posture or shoulder sags, etc...
Knowing how the body has been effected by prior injury can help trainers focus more on their best practices to re-train the body back to body balance.
INJURY PREDICTION / PREVENTION
Wouldn't it be Great to Not Get Injured.
To avoid all injuries is impossible, but it is possible to reduce injuries substantially by testing for weakness in common injured areas of the body. We have developed a series of balance tests that help us inform athletes of an identifiable weakness of an athletes body.
Knee, ankle, hip flexor and hamstring are the most common injuries that athletes suffer from in training or competition. These may be identified through balance testing as weaknesses that need more work.
By occupying the brains ability to stabilize the body with a distraction given to it from a full body vibration table, we are able to isolate the muscles unconscious reactions to stability. This 3 stage test allows us to help inform athletes of unknown weaknesses in their body so that before injury they are able to work with their coach or trainer to strengthen the muscles in the surrounding area.
Stage 1 - Stage 1 is a series of 9 balance movements while standing on a full body vibration platform. Each movement and each leg is tested independently to determine the athletes natural athletic balance. The vibration plate is oscillating at 60hz that will confuse the athletes brain enough that the muscles will attempt to perform independently.
Stage 2 - In stage 2 we will perform the same 9 tests on the vibration plate at 60hz, but will have the athlete wear a weighted vest of between 10lb-20lbs. This small increase in weight changes the bodies preprogrammed natural response engaging other muscle groups necessary to maintain balance.
Stage 3 - The final stage the same 9 tests will be performed while standing on the vibration plate wearing the vest, but this time we will take away the athletes visual reference. Vision and balance are interconnected and forcing the body and the brain to work together can identify other weaknesses unseen in the prior tests.
Isolating the body and brains control of balance helps trainers and coaches identify weaknesses in the body.
Would You Like To Know If Your Performance Has Improved ?
Club Recharge has the ability to test athletes endurance at given outputs. Walking on a treadmill at a 15 minute per mile pace the body will fatigue after a given period of time. With this baseline we are able to change the variables while we measure for fatigue. The body a some point will begin to absorb less oxygen thus fatiguing the muscles.
Club Recharge has the equipment to test under the same circumstances while we increase the altitude from sea-level to 3,000 ft above sea-level. This gives the body less oxygen to absorb forcing the body to work harder under the same circumstances resulting in a more rapid fatigue level.
We can continue this process up to 12,000 feet above sea-level giving the body the same amount of oxygen available at the top of Mount Fuji.
Athletes can train at altitude in our lab or train with their coach and measure their performance at Club Recharge. The benefits of altitude training in a lab as opposed to in the mountains is there is no acclimation lag effect in a lab because you body never gets used to the thinner air. The second and more important benefit is that the effects of altitude training stay with the body for up to 14 days.
Below is a list of the testing levels available after baseline measurements are determined.
3,000 feet above sea-level - This is level one testing and each athlete must successfully pass this level before testing at the next level. Test duration is 60 minutes.
6,000 feet above sea-level - This is level two testing and each athlete must successfully pass this level before testing at the next level. Test duration is 60 minutes.
9,000 feet above sea-level - This is level three testing and each athlete must successfully pass this level before testing at the next level. Test duration is 60 minutes.
12,000 feet above sea-level - This is level four testing level. Their are 3 separate levels at this altitude of 30 minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes. Test duration is up to 90 minutes.
Measuring your bodies ability to continue to produce energy and absorb oxygen while be given less to work can verify conditioning training and regiments are either working or not.